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Monday, 23 February 2015

This prince of mathematics found his own date of birth!!!

He was a German mathematician who contributed significantly to many fields, including number theory, algebra, statistics, analysis, differential geometry, geodesy, geophysics, electrostatics, astronomy, matrix theory, and optics.
Sometimes referred to as the Princeps mathematicorum (Latin, "the Prince of Mathematicians" or "the foremost of mathematicians") and "greatest mathematician since antiquity", he had a remarkable influence in many fields of mathematics and science and is ranked as one of history's most influential mathematicians.
He was born to poor working-class parents. His mother was illiterate and never recorded the date of his birth, remembering only that he had been born on a Wednesday, eight days before the Feast of the Ascension, which itself occurs 40 days after Easter. He would later solve this puzzle about his birthdate in the context of finding the date of Easter, deriving methods to compute the date in both past and future years.

Read more & watch the video...: Gyaat:This prince of mathematics found his own date of birth!!!

Saturday, 21 February 2015

This inspiration for wonder-woman had 3 degrees when girls were restricted in education!

She was an American psychologist. She was involved in various ways in the creation of the comic book character Wonder Woman in the early 1940s with her husband, William Moulton Marston (pen name Charles Moulton). She also participated with Marston in the development of the systolic blood-pressure test used to detect deception.
As noted by Boston University, "In an era when few women earned higher degrees, she received three." She received her B.A. in psychology from Mount Holyoke College in 1915 and would have liked to go on to join her then-fiance, William Marston, at Harvard Law School. However, according to an interview she gave to the New York Times in 1992, "Those dumb bunnies at Harvard wouldn't take women [...] so I went to Boston University." 
According to her granddaughter, Susan Grupposo, when she asked her father to support her through law school, "He told her: 'Absolutely not. As long as I have money to keep you in aprons, you can stay home with your mother.' Undeterred, she peddled cookbooks to the local ladies' clubs. She needed $100 for her tuition, and by the end of the summer she had it. She married Marston that September, but still she paid her own way." 
She received her LL.B from the Boston University School of Law in 1918, and was "one of three women to graduate from the School of Law that year. [She later stated] 'I finished the [Massachusetts Bar] exam in nothing flat and had to go out and sit on the stairs waiting for Bill Marston and another Harvard man . . . to finish.'"

Read more & watch the video...: Gyaat:This inspiration for wonder-woman had 3 degrees when girls were restricted in education & also participated with Marston in the development of the systolic blood-pressure test used to detect deception

Wednesday, 18 February 2015

These are the EPONYMS behind VOLT and GALVANO !!!

He was an Italian physicist known for the invention of the battery in the 1800s.  In 1774, he became a professor of physics at the Royal School in Como. A year later, he improved and popularized the electrophorus, a device that produced static electricity. His promotion of it was so extensive that he is often credited with its invention, even though a machine operating on the same principle was described in 1762 by the Swedish experimenter Johan Wilcke. 
In the years between 1776–78, He studied the chemistry of gases. He discovered methane, and Volta searched for it carefully in Italy. He devised experiments such as the ignition of methane by an electric spark in a closed vessel. 
He invented the voltaic pile, an early electric battery, which produced a steady electric current. He had determined that the most effective pair of dissimilar metals to produce electricity was zinc and silver. 

Read more & watch the video...: Gyaat:These are the EPONYMS behind VOLT and GALVANO !!!

Tuesday, 17 February 2015

He literally gave the digital world keys through his literary piano in 19th century!!!

Christopher Latham Sholes (February 14, 1819 – February 17, 1890) was an American inventor who invented the first practical typewriter and the QWERTY keyboard still in use today. He was also a newspaper publisher and Wisconsin politician. Born in Mooresburge, Pennsylvania, Sholes moved to nearby Danville, Pennsylvania and worked there as an apprentice to a printer. After completing his apprenticeship, Sholes moved to Milwaukee, Wisconsin in 1837, and later to Southport, Wisconsin (present-day Kenosha). He became a newspaper publisher and politician, serving in the Wisconsin State Senate from 1848-1849 as a Democrat, in the Wisconsin State Assembly from 1852-1853 as a Free Soiler, and again in the Senate as a Republican from 1856–1857.
Typewriters had been invented as early as 1714 by Henry Mill and reinvented in various forms throughout the 1800s. It was to be Sholes, however, who invented the first one to be commercially successful. 

Read more & watch the video...: Gyaat:He literally gave the digital world keys through his literary piano in 19th century!!!

Monday, 16 February 2015

This super-sharp genius pioneered and invented terms in various diverse areas like biology & statistics !!!

The best form of civilization in respect to the improvement of the race, would be one in which society was not costly; where incomes were chiefly derived from professional sources, and not much through inheritance; where every lad had a chance of showing his abilities, and, if highly gifted, was enabled to achieve a first-class education and entrance into professional life, by the liberal help of the exhibitions and scholarships which he had gained in his early youth; where marriage was held in as high honour as in ancient Jewish times; where the pride of race was encouraged (of course I do not refer to the nonsensical sentiment of the present day, that goes under that name); where the weak could find a welcome and a refuge in celibate monasteries or sisterhoods, and lastly, where the better sort of emigrants and refugees from other lands were invited and welcomed, and their descendants naturalized - Sir Francis Galton envisaged a situation conducive to resilient and enduring civilization. - Sir Francis Galton (16 February 1822 – 17 January 1911) was an English Victorian polymath: anthropologist, eugenicist,tropical explorer, geographer, inventor, meteorologist, proto-geneticist, psychometrician, and statistician.

Read more & watch the video: Gyaat:This super-sharp genius pioneered and invented terms in various diverse areas like biology & statistics !!!

Saturday, 14 February 2015

Why is VALENTINE'S DAY celebrated & what is its RELEVANCE ANYWAY ???

Saint Valentine's Day, also known as Valentine's Day or the Feast of Saint Valentine, is observed on February 14 each year. It is celebrated in many countries around the world, although it is not a holiday in most of them. St. Valentine's Day began as a liturgical celebration of one or more early Christian saints named Valentinus. Several martyrdom stories were invented for the various Valentines that belonged to February 14, and added to later martyrologies. 
A popular hagiographical account of Saint Valentine of Rome states that he was imprisoned for performing weddings for soldiers who were forbidden to marry and for ministering to Christians, who were persecuted under the Roman Empire. According to legend, during his imprisonment, he healed the daughter of his jailer, Asterius. An embellishment to this story states that before his execution he wrote her a letter signed "Your Valentine" as a farewell.

Read more & watch the video: Gyaat:Why is VALENTINE'S DAY celebrated & what is its RELEVANCE ANYWAY ???

Friday, 13 February 2015

The name NIGHTINGALE describes just a little of this versatile, free thinking leader !!

She was known by the sobriquet as The Nightingale of India, was a child prodigy, Indian independence activist and poet. She served as the first governor of the United Provinces of Agra and Oudh from 1947 to 1949;the first woman to become the governor of an Indian state. She was the second woman to become the president of the Indian National Congress in 1925 and the first Indian woman to do so.
She met Govindarajulu Naidu, a doctor by profession, and at the age of 19, after finishing her studies, she got married to him. At this time, inter-caste marriages were not allowed, but her father approved the marriage. 
She joined the Indian national movement in the wake of partition of Bengal in 1905. She came into contact with Gopal Krishna Gokhale, Rabindranath Tagore, Muhammad Ali Jinnah, Annie Besant, C. P. Ramaswami Iyer, Mahatma Gandhi and Jawaharlal Nehru. She played a leading role during the Civil Disobedience Movement and was jailed along with Gandhi and other leaders. She was Sarojini Naidu.

Read more & watch the video:
Gyaat:The name NIGHTINGALE describes just a little of this versatile, free thinking leader !!

Thursday, 12 February 2015

This 17th Century Naturalist first observe RBC & pioneered various studies in entomology despite difficulties!!!

He was a Dutch biologist and microscopist. His work on insects demonstrated that the various phases during the life of an insect—egg, larva, pupa, and adult—are different forms of the same animal. As part of his anatomical research, he carried out experiments on muscle contraction. In 1658, he was the first to observe and describe red blood cells. He was one of the first people to use the microscope in dissections, and his techniques remained useful for hundreds of years.
His father cut off his financial support for Swammerdam's entomological studies. As a result, Swammerdam was forced, at least occasionally, to practice medicine in order to finance his own research.
Despite five intense years of beekeeping, the mode of honey bee reproduction escaped him as he wrote, "I do not believe the male bees actually copulate with the females."

Read more & watch the video...:

Wednesday, 11 February 2015

There is no expedient to which a man will not resort to avoid the real labor of thinking

He was born in Milan, Ohio, and grew up in Port Huron, Michigan. In school, the his mind often wandered, and his teacher, the Reverend Engle, was overheard calling him "addled". This ended his three months of official schooling. Recalling later, "My mother was the making of me. She was so true, so sure of me; and I felt I had something to live for, someone I must not disappoint." His mother taught him at home.
He developed hearing problems at an early age. The cause of his deafness has been attributed to a bout of scarlet fever during childhood and recurring untreated middle-ear infections. He sold candy and newspapers on trains running from Port Huron to Detroit, and sold vegetables to supplement his income. 
He also studied qualitative analysis, and conducted chemical experiments on the train until an accident prohibited further work of the kind.
He had long streak of entrepreneurial ventures, as he discovered his talents as a businessman. These talents eventually led him to found 14 companies, including General Electric, which is still one of the largest publicly traded companies in the world.

Read more & watch the video: Gyaat:There is no expedient to which a man will not resort to avoid the real labor of thinking

Tuesday, 10 February 2015

This inventor of X-RAYS studied unconventionally !

Wilhelm Conrad Röntgen was a German physicist, who, on 8 November 1895,produced and detected electromagnetic radiation in a wavelength range today that was known as X-rays or Röntgen rays, an achievement that earned him the first Nobel Prize in Physics in 1901. In honour of his accomplishments, in 2004 the International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry(IUPAC) named element 111, roentgenium, a radioactive element with multiple unstable isotopes, after him.
In 1865, he tried to attend the University of Utrecht without having the necessary credentials required for a regular student. Röntgen's original paper, "On A New Kind Of Rays" (Über eine neue Art von Strahlen), was published on 28 December 1895. On 5 January 1896, an Austrian newspaper reported Röntgen's discovery of a new type of radiation. Röntgen was awarded an honorary Doctor of Medicine degree from the University of Würzburg after his discovery. He published a total of three papers on X-rays between 1895 and 1897. Today, Röntgen is considered the father of diagnostic radiology, the medical speciality which uses imaging to diagnose disease.

Read more & watch the video: Gyaat:This inventor of X-RAYS studied unconventionally !

Monday, 9 February 2015

This Gardener sowed & reaped fruits with utter determination with grit to make an inspiring life story!!!

Christopher Gardener is an American entrepreneur, investor, stockbroker, motivational speaker, author, and philanthropist who, during the early 1980s, struggled with homelessness while raising his toddler son.
In 1987, Gardner established the brokerage firm, Gardner Rich & Co, in Chicago, Illinois, an "institutional brokerage firm specializing in the execution of debt, equity and derivative products transactions for some of the nation’s largest institutions, public pension plans and unions." His new company was started in his small Presidential Towers apartment, with start-up capital of $10,000 and a single piece of furniture: a wooden desk that doubled as the family dinner table. 


Friday, 6 February 2015

Wishing the Father of Social media websites on his birthday!!!

He is a Turkish software engineer who developed the famous social networking services of his time. He received both a M.S. and a Ph.D. in Computer Science from Stanford University. His research at Stanford focused on Web search and efficient PDA usage. He introduced his first social network, named Club Nexus at Stanford in the fall of 2001. Club Nexus was the first college-specific social network.
It was a system built to serve the networking and communication needs of the Stanford online community. Students could use Club Nexus to send e-mail and invitations, chat, post events, buy and sell used goods, search for people with similar interests, place personals, display their artwork or post editorial columns. Within a few months of its introduction, Club Nexus attracted over 2,000 undergraduates. He said: "My dream was to connect all the Internet users so they can relate to each other, it can make such a difference in people's lives." 
Currently, he is a product manager at Google. He also is a certified masseuse, an avid ballroom dancer and likes to make chocolate fondue. His webiste was shut down September 30, 2014.

Read more: Gyaat:Wishing the engineer a happy birthday whose social networking platform was named after him !!!

Thursday, 5 February 2015

In an attempt to try his son's tricycle; this doctor changed composition of wheels!!!

He studied veterinary medicine at the Dick Vet, University of Edinburgh. He pursued veternary profession for nearly ten years at home. He was one of the founders of the rubber company.
Observing his son having trouble with tricycle; in 1887, he developed first practical pneumatic or inflatable tyre for his son's tricycle, fitting it to a wooden disc 96cm across in the yard of his home in Belfast. The tyre was an inflated tube of sheet rubber. He then took his wheel and a metal wheel from his son's tricycle and rolled both across the yard together. 
His development of the pneumatic tyre arrived at a crucial time in the development of road transport.
The materials of modern pneumatic tires are synthetic rubber, natural rubber, fabric and wire, along with carbon black and other chemical compounds. A tire carcass is composed of several parts: the tread, tread lug, tread void, rain groove, sipe, wear bar, bead, sidewall, shoulder, and ply. 

Read more & watch the video...: Gyaat:In an attempt to try his son's tricycle; this doctor changed composition of wheels!!!

Wednesday, 4 February 2015

Realizing the importance of this Physicist's work; Einstein got the polygot's work published!!!

He was an Indian physicist specializing in mathematical physics. He is best known for his work on quantum mechanics in the early 1920s. A self-taught scholar and a polyglot, he had a wide range of interests in varied fields including physics, mathematics, chemistry, biology, mineralogy, philosophy, arts, literature and music. 
As a polyglot, he was well versed in several languages such as Bengali, English, French, German and Sanskrit as well as the poetry of Lord Tennyson, Rabindranath Tagore and Kalidasa. He could also play the esraj, a musical instrument similar to a violin.
Along with Meghnad Saha, he prepared the first book in English based on German and French translations of original papers on Einstein's special and general relativity in 1919.
Though not accepted at once for publication, he sent the article(a paper deriving Planck's quantum radiation law without any reference to classical physics by using a novel way of counting states with identical particles) directly to Albert Einstein in Germany. Einstein, recognising the importance of the paper, translated it into German himself and submitted it on his behalf to the prestigious Zeitschrift für Physik. As a result of this recognition, he was able to work for two years in European X-ray and crystallography laboratories, during which he worked with Louis de Broglie, Marie Curie, and Einstein.


Monday, 2 February 2015

Though denied by university of Moscow; he stunned the world with his table & used Sanskrit to attribute it's due stature!!!

He was a Russian chemist and inventor. He formulated the Periodic Law, created his own version of the periodic table of elements, and used it to correct the properties of some already discovered elements and also to predict the properties of eight elements yet to be discovered.
He born in the village of Verkhnie Aremzyani, near Tobolsk in Siberia. The university in Moscow did not accept him.
He quoted ,"I saw in a dream a table where all elements fell into place as required. Awakening, I immediately wrote it down on a piece of paper, only in one place did a correction later seem necessary."
By giving Sanskrit names to his "missing" elements, he showed his appreciation and debt to the Sanskrit grammarians of ancient India, who had created sophisticated theories of language based on their discovery of the two-dimensional patterns in basic sounds.

Read more & watch the video...: Gyaat:He stunned the world with his table & used sanskrit to attribute it's due stature

Sunday, 1 February 2015

International Seminar on "Role of E-Learning in Quality Education" on 22-23 February, 2015 at RH Government PG College Kashipur, Udham Singh Nagar, Uttarakhand

The participants are requested to send their abstracts in about 200-250 wordson or before 1st February 2015 and full papers in English or Hindi on or before 10thFebruary 2015 through E-mail to
  • Role of E-learning in Quality Education